A child's unique needs can manifest themselves in multiple different varieties. One specific child may have difficulty maintaining attention while in class, which can subsequently affect his/her academic progress, and create a need for special education services. Another child may have difficulty with auditory processing, which may be affecting his/her ability to understand teacher instruction or directives, and subsequently create a need for special education support. Another child may have difficulty interacting with peers, or be exhibiting signs of depression in school, which can subsequently affect his/her ability to progress with regard to their social emotional present level of performance, and also create a need for special education services.
"Child Find" is a concept that refers to the affirmative, ongoing obligation of states and local school districts to identify, locate, and evaluate all children with disabilities residing within the jurisdiction that either have or are suspected of having disabilities and need special education as a result of those disabilities. The Individuals With Disabilities In Education Act ("IDEA") includes a "child find" mandate that all children with special education needs be evaluated and that their needs be identified and special education services be provided where applicable.